One such system was designed by Travis W. Hughey. He calls his "Barrel-Ponics" because he utilizes barrels as the building blocks of the system. Travis has freely given away this design in the hopes that it helps people become more self sufficient and healthy. I salute him for his generosity. (for conditions of use, see below)
The entire instruction guide is available in the link below. It is in PDF format.
This document, in part or in its entirety, may be copied, reproduced or adapted to meet local needswithout permission from the author or publishers, provided credit is given to Travis W. Hughey. These provisions apply only provided the parts reproduced are distributed free or at cost – not for profit. Travis W. Hughey would appreciate being sent a copy of any materials in which text or illustrations have been adapted. For reproduction on commercial basis, permission must be first obtained from Travis W. Hughey. Any commercial or for sale application of the Flood Valve technology is strictly forbidden without prior approval in writing from Travis W. Hughey. Travis W. Hughey can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Read up on Aquaponics
Small trial system to try
Larger system for the patio